Medical & Health Sciences

Works Under Medical & Health Sciences

RELATIONSHIP OF THE BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) WITH THE LUMBAR RADIOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN THE INCIDENCES OF LOW BACK PAIN

ABSTRACT : Comparable relationship between BMI, lumbar radiological findings/diagnosis, and features of patients that presents with low back pain has been a research of interest in the diagnosis of low back pain.Aim: To investigate the association between body weights, body mass index, age, features and clinical findings in patients with low back pain.Patients and Method: A prospective study of 84 patients who presented for radiographic examination of the lumbar spine due to low back pai...

THE PATTERNS OF CHEST X-RAY REFERRALS, FINDINGS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE REFERRING UNITS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL, ITUKU-OZALLA, ENUGU

ABSTRACTBackground:  Chest x-ray remains a major tool for diagnosis and management of many diseases ravaging mankind.Aim:  To assess the chest-x-ray referral patterns and findings in the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu.Patient and Method:  A retrospective study of 377 patients who underwent chest x-ray examination at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla.Result: Chest x-ray (6,592) constituted above half of the total referrals(11,...

THE EFFECT OF ABORTION ON FEMALES

ABSTRACTIn medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost. It is the expulsion from the uterus of the products of conception before the fetus is viable. An estimated 44 million abortions are performed globally each year, with slightly under half of those performed unsafely (Sedgh et al., 2012). For most women, the decision to en...

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Busayo Ogungbemi Premium 44 PAGES (8825 WORDS) Nursing And Nursing Science Project 4,402 Views
THE EFFECT OF DUMPING HUMAN WASTE IN THE INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY AND HOW TO SOLVE THEM

INTRODUCTION1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND OF THE SUBJECT MATTERIn our society, the state of the environment influences the inhabitants because environment is one of the key determinants of the optimal health or well being. It includes the living and non living things that man have to interact with and which can influence his state of health.    A characteristics which has set man apart from other species has ability to control many aspect of his environment throughout recorded history, pe...

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE SENSITIVITY OF CT AND MRI IN STROKE PATIENTS

ABSTRACTControversy exists about the optimal imaging modality in patients with stroke. This work was carried out to optimally compare CT and MRI images in patients with stroke. ( A case study of  National Hospital, Abuja). A retrospective study of 54 stroke patients who underwent both CT scans and MRI scans at National Hospital, Abuja between January 2010 to March 2013 was conducted. Tables and T-test for hypothesis was used to analyse the data. CT is significantly more sensitive than MR...

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF PLAIN FILM AND ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN NONTRAUMATIC ACUTE ABDOMEN

ABSTRACTAcute abdomen might indicate a progressive intra-abdominal condition that is threatening to life or capable of causing severe morbidity.  A good history, thorough clinical examination, laboratory investigations and imaging studies are necessary in order to arrive at a correct diagnosis. A comparative study of the diagnostic accuracy of plain x-ray film abdomen and ultrasound was done on 173 cases of non traumatic acute abdomen in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, (FETHA), Ebon...

CAUSES, MANAGEMENT SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION OF PROSTATE CANCER

ABSTRACT Prostate cancer is the form of cancer that develops in the prostate.  It lead to increased death rate yearly although its specific causes are age, genetic with some environmental factors such as toxins chemical and industrial product.  The symptoms are painful and frequent lamination, painful ejaculation of blood in the urine, weakness in legs and difficult in walking.  The easiest and inexpensive way to reduce the risk of prostate cancer is by eating healthy food...

SICKLE CELL DISEASE

PREFACESickle cell disease is a disorder that affects the red blood cells, which use a protein called haemoglobin to transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Sickle cell disease is inherited from parents who are AS. This means that a child cannot inherit the disease unless the parents pass down a detective copy of the gene. Unlike normal red blood cells, which can live for 120 days, sickle - shaped cells live only 10 to 20 days. Sickle cell anaemia is mostly dominated in Afric...

APPRAISAL OF CARE BY RADIOGRAPHERS ON PATIENTS UNDERGOING RADIOTHERAPY

ABSTRACTThis study assessed the patient care given by therapy radiographers to patients undergoing radiotherapy in the radiotherapy unit of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu.  It is a descriptive cross sectional study, with the use of questionnaire to obtain information from the patients and radiographers.  A total of 60 patients and 10 radiographers were targeted for the study, out of the 60 questionnaires distributed for the patients, 40 were completed, w...

ASSESSMENT OF ADEQUACY FILLING OF RADIOLOGY REQUEST FORM BY REFERRING CLINICIANS

ABSTRACTAn inadequately filled radiology request form (RRF) is a common problem faced by both radiologists and radiographers. The study was designed to objectively assess the adequacy of filling of radiology request forms from two hospitals in Enugu metropolis: University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, UNTH) Ituku-ozalla and Enugu State Teaching Hospital, (ESUTH) Parklane Method; Radiological request forms were collected from the archiving shelves and analyzed using criteria about patient...

Dietary Pattern and Nutritional Status of In-School Adolescents in Abeokuta South and Abeokuta North Local Government Areas of Ogun State Nigeria

ABSTRACTAdolescents are considered as a nutritionally vulnerable subgroup. A rapid growth rate combined with marginal nutrient intakes increases the risk of nutritional deficiencies in this population. Poor nutritional status in adolescence compounds the risk of adolescent pregnancy and it is an important determinant of health outcomes at a later stage of life. A knowledge of an healthy dietary pattern in adolescence is an Investment in Present and Future Health. The objective of this study w...

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Awosanya Ridwan Premium 118 PAGES (26706 WORDS) Nutrition And Dietetics Project 6,328 Views
Assessment Of Accident And Emergency Radiography Practices In Public Hospitals In Enugu Urban

This is a prospective non experimental survey study design aimed at describing accident and emergency radiography practices in public hospitals in Enugu Urban. The questionnaires for the study were distributed among radiographers in some public hospitals in Enugu Urban. The objectives and purpose of the research were explained by the researcher. Medical radiography plays a very vital role in the diagnosis, intensive care and good management of patients in accident and emergency unit. Some of ...

ASSESSMENT OF HOMOGENEITY OF X-RAY BEAM PRODUCED BY X-RAY MACHINES WITHIN ENUGU METROPOLIS

INTRODUCTIONA homogeneous x-ray beam can be defined as a beam that contains photon of only one energy as compared to heterogeneous x-ray beam containing several photons of energies1. When a homogeneous x-ray beam passes through a medium, its intensity falls exponentially with the distance covered. Raising the tube current will increase the intensity of the X-ray beam and no change in the homogeneity of the X-ray beam. Increasing the beam filtration will reduce the intensity of the X-ray beam ...

Assessment Of Awareness Of Radiation Hazards Associated With Air Travel Among Air Travel Users In Enugu Metropolis

Aim: To determine the level of awareness of the passengers of aircrafts on the health hazards associated with air travel in the Akanu Ibiam Airport, Enugu where the research was carried out.The study also sought to determine the relationship between the respondents’ level of education and their awareness of the health hazards associated with increased cosmic radiation dose. Finally, the researcher sought to determine the relationship between the respondents’ knowledge of the health r...

CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION: COMPLIANCE OF RADIOGRAPHERS IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe research continuing profession education: compliance of radiographers in south-east Nigeria is aimed at assessing the compliance of radiographers towards seminars, workshops, post-graduate education and conferences. It also assess factors that affects their compliance. A survey research was used with a well structured questionnaire which is distributed to cover post NYSC practicing radiographers in south-east Nigeria. 62 sample size was obtained from a total number of 73 post NYSC...


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