INTRODUCTIONThe Definition of a Problem A problem is anything or difficulty that requires a solution. A Mathematics problem is any problem which requires mathematics knowledge and skill to produce a solution to the problem. Problem solving involves a variety of skills. Problem-solving situations call upon children to retrieve previously learned information and apply it in new or varying situations. Knowing the basic arithmetic skills, knowing when to incorporate them into new contexts, a...

INTRODUCTIONProbably the most famous approach to problem solving is Polya’s four-step process described below (Polya, 1945). POLYA’S PROBLEM SOLVING PRINCIPLES1. Understand the problem2. Devise a plan⦁ Carry out the plan⦁ Look backThe problem-solving process is merely a general guide of how to proceed in solving problems. In many cases, steps of the process will overlap, thus it may not be possible to perform each step of the process in the order given above. The...