COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SEEDS FROM TROPICAL ALMOND (Terminalia catappa)

Frederick Udebunu Premium 58 PAGES (5972 WORDS) Project 1,053 Views

ABSTRACT
Tropical almond (Terminally catappa) fruit used in Eastern Nigeria have an impressive range of multipurpose medicinal uses with nutritional values. However, to be clinically used, more scientific data are needed. The goal of this study was to investigate the composition and nutritional properties of tropical almond. The seed of tropical almond was grind and analyzed for its proximate compositions and nutritional potentials and the results of this study showed that, the seed contained 4.8% moisture 3.0% ash, 2.0% crude fibre, 48.0% fat, and 22.07% carbohydrate. The results also showed a significant level of potassium, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium and iron as its mineral potentials. Therefore, the results showed that tropical almond seed is a good source rich in protein, carbohydrates, mineral and oil and as such can contribute useful amounts of essential nutrients to the diet of man.




TABLE OF CONTENS
Title page i
Certification page ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv

Table of contents v
Abstract vi

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Aims/objective of the study 4
1.3 Statement of problem 4
1.4 Scope and limitation of the study   5
1.5 Significance of the study 5

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Historical background of tropical almond 6
2.2 Factors that contribute to the growing of 
almond plant 8
2.2.1 Climate 8
2.2.2 Soils 9
2.2.3 Light 9
2.3 Propagation and management 10
2.4 Functional uses of tropical almond 10
2.5 Pests and diseases 13
2.6 Medicinal uses and pharmacological
     potential of tropical almond 14
2.6.1 Anti-inflammatory properties of tropical 14
2.6.3 Antiparasitic/antifungal/antimicrobial 
properties of tropical almond 16
2.6.4 Antioxidant properties and tropical almond 17
2.6.5 Antiviral properties of tropical almond 19
2.6.6 Aprhdisiac properties of tropical almond 19
2.6.7 Erythropoiesis enhancement 20
2.6.8 Analysis properties of tropical almond 21
2.7 Other uses of tropical almond 22

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 MATERIALS AND METHODS 24
3.1 Materials 24
3.2 Chemical reagents: 25
3.2 Methods 27
3.2.1 Collection of sample 27
3.3.2 Preparation of samples for analysis 27
3.3.5 Determination of ash content 29
3.3.6 Determination of crude fibre 29
3.3.7 Determination of fat content 31
3.3.8 Determination of crude protein 32
3.3.9 Determination of carbohydrate 34
3.4 Mineral analysis 35
3.4.1 Determination of iron 35
3.3.2 Determination of phosphorous 36
3.3.3 Determination of calcium 37
3.4.4 Determination of magnesium 38
3.4.5 Determination of potassium 39

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 RESULTS 40

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 42
5.1 Discussion 42
5.2 Conclusion 44
5.3 Recommendations 45
References 46

LIST OF TABLES

4.1 Table 1:  Proximate composition of almond seeds    40

4.2 Table 2: mineral elemental composition of almond   seeds 42

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APA

Frederick, U (2018). COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SEEDS FROM TROPICAL ALMOND (Terminalia catappa). Afribary.com: Retrieved June 24, 2018, from http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/composition-and-nutritional-properties-of-seeds-from-tropical-almond-terminalia-catappa-7001

MLA 8th

Udebunu, Frederick. "COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SEEDS FROM TROPICAL ALMOND (Terminalia catappa)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018, http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/composition-and-nutritional-properties-of-seeds-from-tropical-almond-terminalia-catappa-7001 . Accessed 24 Jun. 2018.

MLA7

Udebunu, Frederick. "COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SEEDS FROM TROPICAL ALMOND (Terminalia catappa)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 24 Jun. 2018. < http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/composition-and-nutritional-properties-of-seeds-from-tropical-almond-terminalia-catappa-7001 >.

Chicago

Udebunu, Frederick. "COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SEEDS FROM TROPICAL ALMOND (Terminalia catappa)" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed June 24, 2018. http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/composition-and-nutritional-properties-of-seeds-from-tropical-almond-terminalia-catappa-7001