# ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MAKESHIFT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN HOUSING MARKET; CASE STUDY OF IKOM URBAN

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ABSTRACT

Housing problem is one of the major issues normally discussed in the world fora today. This was due to the dire shortage of accommodation; the demands for it far surpass the number available for human living. This study therefore, assessed the role of makeshift housing development in urban housing market; case study of Ikom urban. A Survey research was carried out through the use of interactive questionnaire, reconnaissance survey, and housing condition survey checklist. The stratified sampling technique in order to obtain reliable data was adopted for the study. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics. One hundred and fifty seven (157) questionnaires were administered to one hundred and fifty seven makeshift houses in the study area. Two hypotheses were formulated and were tested using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that, the quality of makeshift housing in Ikom urban was not significantly influenced by the income of the occupiers and there was no significant variation in the quality of makeshift housing stock in the different neighbourhoods in Ikom urban. The researcher recommended that, makeshift houses deserved special attention, construction of makeshift houses should be made with durable fabricated materials, improve affordability sector and provision of housing scheme that can accommodate migrants, artisans and low income earners, improved both the physical and environmental condition of makeshift structures etc; as this would better the role of makeshift houses in the urban housing market as well as the provision of adequate housing supply in Ikom urban.

Keywords: makeshift housing, housing supply, affordability, environmental condition

Certification -- --- -- -- -- -- -- -- i

Dedication ¬¬-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ii

Acknowledgement-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- iii

Abstract-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- iv

List of Table-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- vi

List of Figures-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- vii

Lists of Plates-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- viii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study-- -- -- -- -- -- 1

1.2 Statement of the Research Problem-- -- -- -- -- 5

1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study-- -- -- -- -- 6

1.2.1 Research Question-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 6

1.4 Research Hypotheses-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7

1.6 Scope of the Study-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7

1.7 Limitation of the Study-- -- -- -- -- -- 7

1.7 Significance of the Study-- -- -- -- -- -- 8

1.8 The Study Area-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9

1.8.1 Topography -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9

1.8.2 Climate-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9

1.8.3 Vegetation -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9

1.8.4 Population -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 10

1.8.5 Occupation -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 10

1.9 Definition of Terms-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 15

CHAPTER TWO: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Conceptual Framework-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 17

2.1.1 Theory of Supply -- -- -- -- -- -- 17

2.2 Literature Review -- -- -- -- -- -- 19

2.2.1 Housing Supply -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 19

2.2.2 Housing Delivery -- -- -- -- -- -- 21

2.2.3 Factors Preventing Adequate Housing Supply -- -- -- 22

2.2.4 Quality of Housing -- -- -- -- -- 30

2.2.5 Environmental Condition of Makeshift Housing -- -- -- 31

2.2.6 Affordability Sector -- -- -- -- -- -- 32

2.2.7 Makeshift Housing Location -- -- -- -- -- 33

2.2.8 Makeshift Housing Attributes -- -- -- -- -- 33

2.2.9 The Role of the Urban Housing Market -- -- -- -- 36

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research Methodology -- -- -- -- -- -- 38

3.1 Research Design -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 38

3.2 Types and Sources of Data -- -- -- -- -- 38

3.2.1 Sources of data -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 38

3.3 Population and Sample Size -- -- -- -- -- 39

3.4 Sampling Technique -- -- -- -- -- -- 40

3.5 Method of Data Collection -- -- -- -- -- 40

3.6 Statistical Method -- -- -- -- -- -- 42

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis -- -- -- -- -- 43

4.1.1 Educational Qualification -- -- -- -- -- -- 45

4.1.3 Occupancy Status of Respondents -- -- -- -- -- 48

4.1.4 Status of Land Ownership of Developers -- -- -- -- 49

4.1.5 Quality of Housing Unit and Rent Paid -- -- -- -- 53

4.1.6 Difference in Makeshift Housing Construction in the

Different communities in Ikom urban -- -- -- -- -- 56

4.1.7 Method of Waste Disposal -- -- -- -- -- 58

4.1.8 Condition of Drainage Channels -- -- -- -- -- 59

4.1.9 Condition of Electricity Supply -- -- -- -- -- 62

4.1.10 Condition of Access Roads -- -- -- -- -- 63

4.1.11 Condition of Toilet Facilities of Makeshift Houses -- -- 65

4.1.12 Condition of Walls -- -- -- -- -- -- 68

4.2 Test of Hypotheses -- -- -- -- -- -- 71

4.3 Interpretation of Result -- -- -- -- -- 71

4.4 Discussion of Findings -- -- -- -- -- -- 72

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of Findings -- -- -- -- -- -- 74

5.2 Recommendation -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 75

5.3 Conclusion -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 78

References -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 79

Appendix

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APA

Nsing, H (2018). ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MAKESHIFT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN HOUSING MARKET; CASE STUDY OF IKOM URBAN. Afribary.com: Retrieved February 25, 2018, from http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/assessment-of-the-role-of-makeshift-housing-development-in-urban-housing-market-case-study-of-ikom-urban-9328

MLA 8th

Henry, Nsing. "ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MAKESHIFT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN HOUSING MARKET; CASE STUDY OF IKOM URBAN" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018, http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/assessment-of-the-role-of-makeshift-housing-development-in-urban-housing-market-case-study-of-ikom-urban-9328 . Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.

MLA7

Henry, Nsing. "ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MAKESHIFT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN HOUSING MARKET; CASE STUDY OF IKOM URBAN". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 25 Feb. 2018. < http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/assessment-of-the-role-of-makeshift-housing-development-in-urban-housing-market-case-study-of-ikom-urban-9328 >.

Chicago

Henry, Nsing. "ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MAKESHIFT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN HOUSING MARKET; CASE STUDY OF IKOM URBAN" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed February 25, 2018. http://dubz-by-dan.co.uk/works/assessment-of-the-role-of-makeshift-housing-development-in-urban-housing-market-case-study-of-ikom-urban-9328